Author Guideline


This guide is for authors who intend to submit papers to AJASSS. The work of the authors should be original. Submissions that do not meet the outlined standards will be rejected.

Preparing your manuscript

  1. File Format

Manuscript files can be in the following formats: DOC, DOCX, or Microsoft Word. Documents should not be locked or protected.

  1. All Text Format
    • Layout , Spacing, and Length

All texts should be in Times New Roman font style, 12- Font Size, Single Spaced, and Full Justified, including the abstract and the appendices. Page Margins should be set at 1-inch (2.54cm) on all sides. Include page numbers at the Bottom-Right Side of the page. Use continuous page numbers (do not restart the numbering on each section).

Insert ONLY a single space between sentences or words. Try to avoid using section or page breaks, except where Portrait is followed by Landscape and vice versa. Do not format text in multiple columns. Manuscripts should be between 3000 – 5000 words (excluding the abstract, references, and appendices). Author(s) should avoid having many tables and figures. You should present and discuss your findings concisely.

  • Footnotes

Footnotes are discouraged. Try as much as possible to place the information into the main text or the reference list, depending on the content.

  • Language

Manuscripts must be submitted in British English. Make sure that your manuscripts have been proof read for language, grammar, content, vocabulary and any other language or content related issues before submission. To avoid unnecessary and embarrassing grammatical errors you are strongly advised to use the ‘spell-check’ and ‘grammar-check functions of your word processor judiciously.

  • Abbreviations

Define abbreviations upon first appearance in the text. Do not use non-standard abbreviations. Keep abbreviations to a minimum.

  1. Title Format

Paper titles should be cantered in 14-point size, bold font style. Capitalize the first letters of all content words; and use lower case for the first letters of all other words. The title should not exceed 20 words.

  1. Authors Format
    • One Author

If only one author writes the paper, centre the author name, authors’ position, affiliation addresses and email information. For example:

John E. Mwakalinga

Assistant Lecture

Tanzania Institute of Accountancy (TIA)


  • Two or More Authors

If two or more authors contribute to the paper, they should show institution affiliation and the corresponding author.

Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing publication, and post-publication. Ensure that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author. For example,

John E. Mwakalinga1Emmanuel G. Mzinga2

1 Assistant Lecture, Tanzania Institute of Accountancy (TIA), Tanzania

2 Lecturer, Tanzania Chambers of Commerce (TCC), Tanzania

*Corresponding author: email

  1. Headings Format

Limit manuscript sections and sub-sections to 3 heading levels. All headings are set flush left. Capitalize the first letter of content words and use lower case for first letters of all other words. Set 6pt spacing after each heading. That is,

  • Level 1 Headings: 12-point size, bold font style
  • Level 2 Headings: 12-point size, bold font style
  • Level 3 Headings: 12-point size, bold font style, italics

For example:

              3.      Study Methodology

              3.1.   Study Desig

              3.1.1.Data Collection tools

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered as indicated above (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to ‘the text’. Any subsection may be given a brief heading.

  1. Tables and Figures Format

Figures and tables should be embedded in the body of the paper. The title of figures and tables should be in 12-point size, bold font style. Capitalize the first letter of principal words and leave all other letters as lowercase. If the data in the columns of your table include items in parentheses (like p-values), they should be included below the data they refer to, not beside them. For in-text references, the words “Table” and “Figure” are always capitalized.

  • Tables Format